It's not hard to reason this one but you migh...
In the simplest of terms, Republic Day marks the day a country becomes a republic. India, being a republic, has a Republic Day too--January 26. It is a national holiday here. This concept of celebrating Republic Day, is a common practice in many countries around the world.
As we all know, a republic is essentially a form of government in which the people--or at the very least a significant portion of them--have supreme control over the government. Even all the offices of state are elected by the people themselves.
In modern times, the definition has become a lot more simplified by accepting that republic is simply a form of government in which the head of state is not a monarch. As such, innumerable countries around the world are now considered republics.
The underlying meaning of the term has undergone drastic changes from ancient to modern times. The concept has been around for several centuries. While in ancient times, republics did not have much of a democratic aspect to them, today’s republics like United States of America and India are much more democratic in nature.
The origins of the term can be found in medieval Northern Italy, where a number of city states had commune or signoria based governments. Writers such as Giovanni Vilani began to realize the difference between these states and the more common monarchies and wrote about them.
Other such writers helped in popularizing this concept. They used the phrase 'libertas populi' to describe these "free people" of a republic. In medieval times, the archetype of all republics was considered to be the Roman Republic, which referred to Rome in between the periods when it had kings and emperors like Caesar.
The meaning of the term may have evolved over the years but the foundation of the concept has remained more or less the same--a government based on equality, people’s choice and offering more freedom than the alternative. Therefore, when a country becomes a republic, that particular day is forever engraved in its history!
-Pictures courtesy Thinkstock-
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