It's not hard to reason this one but you migh...
We all sing "Jana Gana Mana" with pride as we salute our beloved flag, but very few of us know the meaning behind the words or the history of our national anthem. Here's everything you need to know about the anthem.
This song was written and composed by the legendary Dr. Rabindranath Tagore in 1911. The language of the anthem is Sanskritized Bengali, and not Sanskrit as is often believed. It was first sung at a session of the Indian National Congress on December 27, 1911.
Margaret Cousins, an Irish musician, assisted Dr. Tagore in writing the notation for the anthem, the official version of which lasts 52 seconds. There are times when a shortened version of the anthem that comprises only the first and the last stanza is played. This version lasts about 20 seconds and is generally played in army messes before toasts.
When translated in English, the anthem reads as follows:
Thou art the ruler of the minds of all people,
Dispenser of India's destiny.
Thy name rouses the hearts of Punjab, Sindhu,
Gujarat and Maratha,
Of the Dravida and Orissa and Bengal;
It echoes in the hills of the Vindhyas and Himalayas,
mingles in the music of Jamuna and Ganges and is
chanted by the waves of the Indian Sea.
They pray for thy blessings and sing thy praise.
The saving of all people waits in thy hand,
Thou dispenser of India's destiny.
Victory, victory, victory to thee.
Other than the core meaning, one must also be aware of general rules regarding singing this song:
-One must always stand in an upright manner while the anthem is playing.
-Renditions of the anthem--other than those that resemble the original--are considered disrespectful.
-One must not be under the influence of any substance or intoxicated while singing the anthem--the idea is to have a clear mind and mean what you're saying!
-If the National Anthem is played by a band, it should be preceded by a roll of drums--which is about 7 seconds long--to make the audience aware of it, and give them enough time to stand.
-There should not be any indiscriminate singing of the anthem.
A failure to abide by these rules is punishable by law!
Have a great 64th Independence Day!
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