It's not hard to reason this one but you migh...
If you've ever watched track and field events, you're already aware of hurdles. This si arguably one of the toughest events in track.
A hurdle is basically a light, portable barrier over which competitors must leap in such races. There is always a series of them placed at equal intervals, which gives the athletes enough time to build up the momentum to leap over them. Post intensive training, they're able to accomplish this by taking a leaping step off one foot as a means of maximizing their spring at the end of an approach.
There are both sprint hurdle races as well as long distance races in which distances vary in men's and women's races. The standard sprint hurdle races are 110m for men and 100m for women, while long-distance races are 400m for both sexes.
All of these races have a total of 10 hurdles within them--set at equal distances from each other--and they are all Olympic events as well. There are other distances runs including 60m indoor races for both men and women as well as 55m and 50m too. Since these are shorter races, they often have only 4 to 5 hurdles.
Most often made out of lightweight metal, these hurdles vary in height according to the event in question. For example, the highest hurdle is that which is used in men's races sprint races (42 inches in height), then there are the 'high school high' hurdles which are slightly shorter at 39 inches. These are followed by the 'women's high' hurdles which are 33 inches and finally there is the lowest hurdle point which is referred to as the 'low hurdle' and it stands at approximately 30 inches.
As far as technique goes, it is everything in this track event. While raw speed and innate agility might get you far in a straight up sprint, these runners need to rely on more than just that. In fact, proper technique and well-planned steps leading up to and between the hurdle can actually allow the most efficient runners to outrun a faster runner. Usually, a more efficient hurdler will spend minimum amount of time and energy in actually overcoming the hurdle, thereby achieving the most speed in the horizontal portions of the race.
The current world record holder in this event is Yordona Donkova in the men's section who ran 110m in 12.21 seconds. Other successful athletes in this sport include Shirley Strickland (Australia) and Gail Devers (USA) who managed to cinch 2 and 3 world championships respectively.
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